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Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin Released see full details here

What is Ubuntu?

I see many people don’t even know about Ubuntu? When we tell them Ubuntu is Linux distribution they fantasize Terminal UI with a geek doing some hacking stuff. Well, Ubuntu means “humanity towards others” and they do so by maintaining Ubuntu completely free and open source Operating System. It is complete operating system with exceptional Graphic UI and set of useful applications for daily tasks. Ubuntu use packages from Debian which is also a Linux distribution. So, you can say that Ubuntu is based upon Debian with enhancements and tweaks. Ubuntu is maintained by community which is maintained by Canonical and Canonical generates revenues by selling technical support and services related to Ubuntu.

Evolution

Ubuntu was first released in 20th October 2004. It is said to be user oriented to cope problems regular Debian which is programmer oriented. They are rolling out new release every six months and LTS (Long Term Support) release after 2 year intervals. Regular releases are supported for 18 months while LTS releases are supported for 3 years period. Latest releases are Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal and Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) Lucid Lynx. Ubuntu is available for Desktop and Server.

Releases

Every Ubuntu release is named using an adjective and animal name. List of all Ubuntu releases are as following:

  1. Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog
  2. Ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog
  3. Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger)
  4. Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake
  5. Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft
  6. Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
  7. Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon
  8. Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron
  9. Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex
  10. Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope
  11. Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala
  12. Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx
  13. Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat
  14. Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal
  15. Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot

Applications

Ubuntu come installed with wide range of applications which are helpful for daily tasks

  • LibreOffice: A full featured office suit
  • Firefox: Internet Browser
  • Empathy: IM Client
  • Banshee: Music Player
  • Transmission: Torrent Client
  • Tomtem: Movie Player
  • Evolution: Mail & Calender
  • Gwibber: Twitter & Facebook Client
  • Ubuntu One: File Synchronizing Service
  • Ubuntu Software Center: Software Catalog allows to download & install thousands of applications

Installation

Ubuntu can be downloaded from http://www.ubuntu.com/. After downloading you have to burn it on CD or make a bootable USB to install. One unique Ubuntu feature is that it can run on any computer without installation by using LiveCD or LiveUSB. Installation is simple and there is a migration assistant which can help you migrate your documents from windows.

System Requirements

Minimum RequirementsServerDesktop
Processor300MHz1GHz
RAM128MiB384MiB
Free Space1GB5GB
Monitor Resolution640×4801024×768

Editions

  • Ubuntu: default edition comes with Gnome
  • Kubuntu: comes with Kde
  • Xubuntu: comes with lightweight Xfde
  • Edubuntu: comes with educational bundle
  • Lubuntu: comes with Lxde but not yet official
Ubuntu is the best Linux Distribution you should check it out. There are lot more features that can not be covered in just one article.

  • Junaid

    In edition, you could add lubuntu as well. Though it is not an official part of ubuntu family but is worth giving a try. Lubuntu( Light ubuntu) is made for older and slower machines.

    • http://it-diary.com/ Rizwan

      added. There have been discussions regarding Lubuntu official status. It will soon acquire official status from Ubuntu